This theorem states that the slope of a line merging any two points on a 'smooth' curve will be the same as the slope of the line tangent to the curve at a point between the two points.
Let f be the continuous function on [a, b]. Then the average or mean f(c) of c on [ a,b ] is
As f is continuous on [a, b], f has minimum value m and maximum value M on [a, b], and
Then divide the above equation by (b - a) which gives,
If f is a constant then choose as m = a and M = b, so that m < M
As f is continuous on [m,M] and
lies between f(m) and f(M), by the intermediate value theorem there exists c in [m,M], thus in [a,b], such that:
Hence the Mean Value Theorems for Integrals / Integration is proved.
Find the average value of f(x)=7x2
- 2x - 3 on the interval [2,6].
In the given equation f is continuous on [2, 6].
Here 44 denotes the average value of the given function.
Now substitute x=16 in the given original function.
- 3 = 44
=(x + 2.45)(x - 2.74)=0
X=-2.45 , 2.74 Of these two values, only 2.74, is in given interval, hence 2.74 is the desired value of c.