Wood Density Chart

We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. It would be helpful to determine the density (hardness) technically. This wood density chart gives you the wood density for woods of all types of trees.

Wood Density Chart in (103 kg/m3) / (lb/ft3)

Solid Density
(103 kg/m3) (lb/ft3)
Alder 0.4 - 0.7 26 - 42
Afrormosia 0.71
Agba 0.51
Apple 0.65 - 0.85 41 - 52
Ash, white 0.65 - 0.85 40 - 53
Ash, black 0.54 33
Ash, European 0.71
Aspen 0.42 26
Balsa 0.16 7 - 9
Bamboo 0.3 - 0.4 19 - 25
Basswood 0.3 - 0.6 20 - 37
Beech 0.7 - 0.9 32 - 56
Birch, British 0.67 42
Birch, European 0.67
Box 0.95 - 1.2 59 - 72
Butternut 0.38 24
Cedar of Lebanon 0.58
Cedar, western red 0.38 23
Cherry, European 0.63 43- 56
Chestnut, sweet 0.56 30
Cottonwood 0.41 25
Cypress 0.51 32
Dogwood 0.75 47
Douglas Fir 0.53 33
Ebony 1.1 - 1.3 69 - 83
Elm, American 0.57 35
Elm, English 0.55 - 0.6 34 - 37
Elm, Dutch 0.56
Elm, Wych 0.69
Elm, Rock 0.82 50
Gaboon 0.43
Greenheart 1.04
Gum, Black 0.59 36
Gum, Blue 0.82 50
Gum, Red 0.54 35
Hackberry 0.62 38
Hemlock, western 0.50
Hickory 0.83 37 - 58
Holly 0.75 47
Iroko 0.66
Juniper 0.55 35
Keruing 0.74
Larch 0.5 - 0.55 31 - 35
Lignum Vitae 1.17 - 1.33 73 - 83
Lime, European 0.56
Locust 0.65 - 0.7 42 - 44
Logwood 0.9 57
Madrone 0.74 45
Magnolia 0.57 35
Mahogany, African 0.5 - 0.85 31 - 53
Mahogany, Cuban 0.66 40
Mahogany, Honduras 0.65 41
Mahogany, Spanish 0.85 53
Maple 0.6 - 0.75 39 - 47
Meranti, dark red 0.71
Myrtle 0.66 40
Oak 0.6 - 0.9 37 - 56
Oak, American Red 0.74 45
Oak, American White 0.77 47
Oak, English Brown 0.74 45
Obeche 0.39
Oregon Pine 0.53 33
Parana Pine 0.56 35
Pear 0.6 - 0.7 38 - 45
Pecan 0.77 47
Persimmon 0.9 55
Philippine Red Luan 0.59 36
Pine, pitch 0.67 52 - 53
Pine, Corsican 0.51
Pine, radiata 0.48
Pine, Scots 0.51
Pine, white 0.35 - 0.5 22 - 31
Pine, yellow 0.42 23 - 37
Plane, European 0.64
Plum 0.65 - 0.8 41 - 49
Poplar 0.35 - 0.5 22 - 31
Ramin 0.67
Redwood, American 0.45 28
Redwood, European 0.51 32
Rosewood, Bolivian 0.82 50
Rosewood, East Indian 0.90 55
Sapele 0.64
Satinwood 0.95 59
Spruce 0.4 - 0.7 25 - 44
Spruce, Canadian 0.45 28
Spruce, Norway 0.43
Spruce, Sitka 0.45 28
Spruce, western white 0.45
Sycamore 0.4 - 0.6 24 - 37
Tanguile 0.64 39
Teak, Indian 0.65 - 0.9 41 - 55
Teak, African 0.98 61
Teak, Burma 0.74 45
Utile 0.66
Walnut 0.65 - 0.7 40 - 43
Walnut, Amer Black 0.63 38
Walnut, Claro 0.49 30
Walnut, European 0.57 35
Water gum 1 62
Whitewood, European 0.47
Willow 0.4 - 0.6 24 - 37
Yew 0.67

Though we could determine the hardness of various types of woods, sometimes it is more essential to evaluate the density (hardness) of wood mathematically, with the help of science. Wood is categorized into two groups based on their density as softwood and hardwood. The density of a wood is determined based on the multiple growths and physiological factors such as Age, diameter, height, radial growth, geographical location, site and growing conditions etc. The following wood density chart will tell you how much weight you can expect from your various types of wood selection. The density is expressed in 103 kg/m3 and (lb/ft3).

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