Anion Gap is the difference between the sum of cations and anions found in plasma or serum. It is measured to treat acidosis. (a condition occurring when there is too much of acid in blood). Sometimes the delta gap is also use to treat acidosis. The normal range of anion gap is from 8 and 16 mEq / l (milliequivalents per liter of blood). Sometimes, it can also be expressed as millimoles per liter (mmol / l).
8 - 12 mEq/L or mmol/L
Greater than 12 milliequivalents / liter. (> 12mEq / L)
Less than 8 milliequivalents / liter (< 8mEq/L).
The loss in HCO3 leads to normal anion gap acidosis. To balance the loss, Cl is increased.
The difference in the calculated anion gap without including the K and normal anion gap (12). It is used for assess the levels of HCO3 and hence known as HCO3 equivalent.
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