List of All Economic-benefits Formulas

All Economic-benefits Formulas List

Straight Line Depreciation Method

Formulas Used:

Depreciation for any period = (Initial cost of asset-Salvage value)/Useful Years

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Portfolio Return

Formula:
Return on Portfolio = [ ( ( R1 * W1 ) / 100 ) + ( ( R2 * W2 ) / 100 ) + ( ( R3 * W3 ) / 100 ) ]

Where,
r1,r2,r3 = Return on Respective Assets.
w1,w2,w3 = Weighting of the Assets.

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Pivot Point Trading

Formula Used:

Pivot Point = (H + C + L) / 3
R3 = H + 2 x ( Pivot - L )
R2 = Pivot + ( R1 - S1 )
R1 = 2 x Pivot - L
S1 = 2 x Pivot - H
S2 = Pivot - ( R1 - S1 )
S3 = L - 2 x ( H - Pivot )


Where,

H - Previous Days High
L - Previous Days Low
C - Previous Days Close
R - Resistances Levels
S - Supports Levels

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Acid Test Ratio

Formula used:

Acid test Ratio=(Cash + Accounts Receivable + Short term Investments) / (Current Liabilities)

Where,

Cash - Money or currency that can be accessed immediately (in rupees)
Accounts Receivable - Money owed to a company by providing the services (in rupees)
Short term Investments - Account in the current assets section of a company balance sheet (in rupees)
Current Liabilities - Company debts or obligations that are due within one year (in rupees)

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Dividend Payout Ratio

Formula:

DPR = ( Dividend Per Share / Earning Per Share ) × 100

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Cash to Current Liabilities Ratio

Formula:
CR = C / CL

Where,
CR = Cash Ratio,
C = Cash,
CL = Current Liabiities.

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Solvency Ratio

Formula:


Solvency Ratio = ( Shareholders fund * 100 ) / Total Assets

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Insolvency Ratio

Formula:
Business Financial Insolvency ratio = Shareholders funds / loss

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Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)

Formula:
ROCE (Return on capital employed) = ( p / ( a - l) ) * 100

Where,
p is the profit before interest,tax dividends,
a is the total assests,
l is the current liabilities,

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Economic Order Quantity

Formula :
Economic Order Quantity=((2 × F × D)/C)(1/2)

Where,
C=Carrying cost per unit per year
F=Fixed cost per order
D=Demand in units per year

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External Funding Needs (EFN)

Formula :
EFN= ΔAssets - ΔCurrent Liabilities - Earnings Retained

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CAPM Required Rate of Return


Formula :
E[Ri] = Rf + (RM - Rf) * βi

Rf = ( R - RM * βi) / (1-βi)

E[RM] = Rf + (Ri - Rf) / βi

βi = (Ri - Rf) / (RM - Rf)


Where,

E[Ri] = Expected Return on Stock
Rf = Risk Free Rate
E[Rm] = Expected Return on the Market
βi = Beta for Stock

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Fibonacci Retracement Levels

Formula:

UR = H - ((H-L)×percentage)

UE = H + ((H-L)×percentage)

DR = L + ((H-L)×percentage)

DE = L - ((H-L)×percentage)


Where,
H = High Range
L = Low Range
UR = Uptrend Retracement
UE = Uptrend Extention
DR = Downtrend Retracement
DE = Downtrend Extention

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Working Capital Ratio (WCR)

Formula:

Liquidity Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

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Cap Rate

Formula:

CR = (NOI / V)


Where,

CR = Capitalization Rate
NOI = Net Operating Income
V = Value or Cost

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Modified Adjusted Gross Income

Formula:

MAGI = AGI + NT + TI + FI


Where,

MAGI = Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)
AGI = Adjusted Gross Income (AGI)
NT = Non-Taxable Social Security Benefits
TI = Tax-Exempt Interest
FI = Excluded Foreign Income

Note:
AGI : As defined by the IRS, AGI is Gross income minus adjustments to income
NT : Social security benefits not included in gross income
TI : Interest income that is not subject to federal income tax
FI : Foreign earned income excluded from taxation of individuals who live in abroad

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Financial Break Even Point

Formula:

Financial Break Event Point = (C + O) / (P - V)


Where,

C = Fixed Costs
O = Operating Cash Flow
P = Price Per Unit
V = Variable Cost Per Unit

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Break Even Analysis

Formula:

Accounting Break Even Point = (C + D) / (P - V)


Where,

C = Fixed Costs
D = Depreciation
P = Price Per Unit
V = Variable Cost Per Unit

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Tobins Q Ratio

Formula:

Tobin′s Q Ratio = Total Market Value of Firm / Total Asset Value of Firm

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Net Profit Margin

Formula:

Net Profit Margin = (Net Income / Sales Revenue) × 100

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Capital Gains Yield

Formula:

Capital Gains Yield = (( I1 - I0 ) / I0 ) × 100


Where,


I1 = Stock Price After 1st Period
I0 = Initial Stock Price

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Internal Growth Rate

Formula:

Internal Growth Rate = ((ROA × r) / (1 - (ROA × r))) × 100


Where,

ROA = Return on Asset
r = Retention Ratio

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Doubling Time

Formula:

d = log(2) / log(1 + (r / 100))


Where,

d = Doubling Time
r = Constant Growth Rate

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Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio

Formula:

Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio = Net Sales / Average Net Fixed Assets

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Effective Tax Rate

Formula:

Tax Rate = (Income Tax Expenses / Pretax Income) x 100

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Profitability Indicator Ratios ROCE

Formula:

Return on Capital Employed = Earnings Before Interest and Tax / Capital Employed

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Price Index

Formula:

Price Index = ∑p1q0 / ∑p0q0


Where,

p0 = Base Year Price of Goods
p1 = Current Year Price of Goods
q0 = Goods Quantity

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Retention Ratio

Formula:

r = ((n - d) / n) × 100


Where,

r = Retention Ratio
n = Net Income
d = Dividends

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Retention Ratio by Payout Ratio

Formula:

r = (1 - p / 100) × 100


Where,

r = Retention Ratio
p = Payout Ratio

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Canada Pension Plan

Formula:

E = (G - 3500) × (R / 100)
S = (G - 3500) × (C / 100)


Where,

E = Contribution Amount for Employee, Employer
S = Contribution Amount for Self-Employed
G = Gross Revenue 2017
R = Contribution Rate Employee, Employer
C = Contribution Rate Self-Employed

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Gross Profit (GP)

Formula:

Gross Profit = Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold

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Cost Benefit Ratio

Formula:

Total Costs = 1c ( dcc + idcc)
Total Benefits = 1c ( dbb + idbc)
Discounted Costs = 1c ( dcc + idcc) / (1 + dr/100)c
Discounted Benefits = 1c ( dbc + idbc) / (1 + dr/100)c
Benefit/Cost Ratio = Discounted Benefits / Discounted Costs


Where,

dr = Discount Rate
c = Number of Years
dc = Direct Cost
idc = Indirect Cost
db = Direct Benefits
idb = Indirect Benefits

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Pretax Profit Margin

Formula:

Margin = Pretax Profit / Net Sales (Revenue)

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Current Liquidity Ratio

Formula:

R = A / L


Where,

R = Current Ratio
L = Current Liabilties
A = Current Assets

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Vacancy And Credit Loss

Formula:

Vacancy And Credit Loss = Gross Scheduled Income x Percentage Vacancy And Credit Loss

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