Oxidation Number of Phosphorus (P)

Phosphorus is a non-metallic, colorless, semitransparent, soft element, which glows in darkness. Oxidation state of phosphorus can be +3 or -3, based on the electro-negativity of the elements it gets oxidized in chemical reaction. As it is lower in electronegativity, it has larger atoms. Hence the outer d orbit allows octet to expand, resulting in +5 oxidation state.

Phosphorus is a non-metallic, colorless, semitransparent, soft element, which glows in darkness. Oxidation state of phosphorus can be +3 or -3, based on the electro-negativity of the elements it gets oxidized in chemical reaction. As it is lower in electronegativity, it has larger atoms. Hence the outer d orbit allows octet to expand, resulting in +5 oxidation state.


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