Vanadium Element Properties

Vanadium

d22
Ti
Titanium
d23
V
Vanadium
d24
Cr
Chromium
General
Name(Vanadium)
Symbol(V)
Number(23)
Group Number(5)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(5.8 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(50.9415 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(8.78 cm3/mol)
Discover(1830)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(2183 K)
Boiling Point(1910 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(21.5 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(459 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(650.3 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1413.5 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(2828 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.63)
Electron Affinity(50.7 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.49 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(514 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,11,2)
Electron Configuration([Ar] 3d3 4s2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-1)
Maximum Oxidation Number(5)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(5)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(cubic body centered)
Characteristics(soft)
Color(bright white)
Uses(tool steel, V2O5 catalyst)
Hardness(mohs)
Toxicity(Yes)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>V2O5, VN)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(2)
Hydride(VH VH2)
Oxide(VO V2O3 VO2 V2O5)
Chloride(VCl2 VCl3 VCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(134 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(93 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(78 pm)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(30.7 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(39.37 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(12.4 A3)


Abundance
Source(U, Pb vanadates (misc))
Relation Abundance Solar System(2.467 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(2.1 log)


d22
Ti
Titanium
d23
V
Vanadium
d24
Cr
Chromium

english Calculators and Converters


Sitemap