Titanium Element Properties

Titanium

d21
Sc
Scandium
d22
Ti
Titanium
d23
V
Vanadium
General
Name(Titanium)
Symbol(Ti)
Number(22)
Group Number(4)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(4.50 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(47.90 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(10.64 cm3/mol)
Discover(1791)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(1941 K)
Boiling Point(3560 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(14.15 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(425 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(658 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1310.3 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(2652.5 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.54)
Electron Affinity(7.6 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.52 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(470 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,10,2)
Electron Configuration([Ar] 3d2 4s2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-1)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(4)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(hexagonal)
Characteristics(max strength/weight ratio)
Color(gray)
Uses(steel,white pigment(TiO2))
Hardness(mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>TiO2, TiN)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(None)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(passivated)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(5)
Hydride(TiH2)
Oxide(TiO Ti2O3 TiO2 + more)
Chloride(TiCl2 TiCl3 TiCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(147 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(100 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(81 pm)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(21.9 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(23.81 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(14.6 A3)


Abundance
Source(Ilmenite, rutile(oxide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(3.380 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(3.8 log)


d21
Sc
Scandium
d22
Ti
Titanium
d23
V
Vanadium

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