Tin Element Properties

Tin

p49
In
Indium
p50
Sn
Tin
p51
Sb
Antimony
General
Name(Tin)
Symbol(Sn)
Number(50)
Group Number(14)
Group(Metal, Carbon group)
Block(p)
Density(7.30 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(118.69 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(16.3 cm3/mol)
Discover(None)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(505.08 K)
Boiling Point(2875 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(7.03 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(296.1 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(708.6 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1411.8 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(2943 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.88)
Electron Affinity(120 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.227 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(302 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,18,4)
Electron Configuration( [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-4)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(4)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(tetragonal)
Characteristics(resists corrosion 2 forms)
Color(silvery-white)
Uses(solder, pewter, bronze)
Hardness(1.65 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht, =>SnO2)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>SnO2, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(mild, =>H2, [Sn(OH)6] 2-)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(10)
Hydride(SnH4 Sn2H6)
Oxide(SnO SnO2)
Chloride(SnCl2 SnCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(140.5 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(66.8 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(90.909 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(7.7 A3)


Abundance
Source(Cassiterite (oxide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(0.582 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(0.3 log)


p49
In
Indium
p50
Sn
Tin
p51
Sb
Antimony

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