Sulfur Element Properties

Sulfur

p15
P
Phosphorus
p16
S
Sulfur
p17
Cl
Chlorine
General
Name(Sulfur)
Symbol(S)
Number(16)
Group Number(16)
Group(Non-Metal, Chalcogen)
Block(p)
Density(2.07 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(32.06 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(15.5 cm3/mol)
Discover(None)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(388.36 K)
Boiling Point(717.8 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(1314 K)
Heat of Fusion(1.727 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(45 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(999.6 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(2251 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3360.6 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(2.58)
Electron Affinity(200.4144 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.71 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(279 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,6)
Electron Configuration([Ne] 3s2 3p4)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-2)
Maximum Oxidation Number(6)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(-2)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(6)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(orthorhombic)
Characteristics((S8)brittle, 19 forms)
Color(yellow(pale))
Uses(rubber, batteries (H2SO4))
Hardness(2 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(vigorous, w/ht =>SO2)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>H2SO4, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(4)
Hydride(H2S)
Oxide(SO2 SO3)
Chloride(S2Cl2 SCl2)


Radius
Atomic Radius(103 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(170 pm)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(0.27 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(0 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(2.9 A3)


Abundance
Source(Sulfur, pyrite, natural gas)
Relation Abundance Solar System(5.712 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(2.4 log)


p15
P
Phosphorus
p16
S
Sulfur
p17
Cl
Chlorine

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