Sodium Element Properties

Sodium

p10
Ne
Neon
s11
Na
Sodium
s12
Mg
Magnesium
General
Name(Sodium)
Symbol(Na)
Number(11)
Group Number(1)
Group(Alkali metals)
Block(s)
Density(0.971 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(22.98977 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(23.7 cm3/mol)
Discover(1807)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(370.87 K)
Boiling Point(1156 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(2573 K)
Heat of Fusion(2.60 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(97.42 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(495.8 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(4562.4 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(6912.2 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(0.93)
Electron Affinity(52.868 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(1.23 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(109 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,1)
Electron Configuration([Ne] 3s1)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-1)
Maximum Oxidation Number(1)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(1)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(cubic body centered)
Characteristics(soft)
Color(silvery)
Uses(lamps, table salt)
Hardness(0.4 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(vigorous, =>Na2O2)
Reaction with 6M HCl(vigorous, =>H2, NaCl)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(vigorous, =>NaNO3, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(vigorous, =>H2, NaOH)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(1)
Hydride(NaH)
Oxide(Na2O)
Chloride(NaCl)


Radius
Atomic Radius(186 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(116 pm)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(142 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(209.6 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(23.6 A3)


Abundance
Source(Halite (misc))
Relation Abundance Solar System(4.759 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(4.4 log)


p10
Ne
Neon
s11
Na
Sodium
s12
Mg
Magnesium

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