Nickel Element Properties

Nickel

d27
Co
Cobalt
d28
Ni
Nickel
d29
Cu
Copper
General
Name(Nickel)
Symbol(Ni)
Number(28)
Group Number(10)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(8.90 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(58.71 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(6.59 cm3/mol)
Discover(1751)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(1728 K)
Boiling Point(3186 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(17.48 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(377.5 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(736.7 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1752.9 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3393.4 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.91)
Electron Affinity(111.5 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.44 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(430 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,16,2)
Electron Configuration([Ar] 3d8 4s2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-1)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(2)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(face centered cubic)
Characteristics(hard, takes a high polish)
Color(silvery-white)
Uses(alloys, coins, batteries)
Hardness(mohs)
Toxicity(Yes)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>NiO)
Reaction with 6M HCl(mild, =>H2, NiCl2)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(passivated)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(5)
Hydride(NiH)
Oxide(NiO)
Chloride(NiCl2)


Radius
Atomic Radius(124 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(83 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(72 pm)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(90.9 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(146.199 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(6.8 A3)


Abundance
Source(sulfides, oxide/silicates)
Relation Abundance Solar System(4.693 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(1.9 log)


d27
Co
Cobalt
d28
Ni
Nickel
d29
Cu
Copper

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