Mercury Element Properties

Mercury

d79
Au
Gold
d80
Hg
Mercury
p81
Tl
Thallium
General
Name(Mercury)
Symbol(Hg)
Number(80)
Group Number(12)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(13.546 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(200.59 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(14.82 cm3/mol)
Discover(Nil)


States
State(Liquid)
Melting Point(234.32 K)
Boiling Point(629.88 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(1750 K)
Heat of Fusion(2.29 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(59.11 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(1007 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1810 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3300 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(2)
Electron Affinity(Nil)
Specific Heat(0.139 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(61 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,32,18,2)
Electron Configuration([Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Oxidation Number(2)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(2)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(rhombohedral)
Characteristics(liquid at r.t., volatile)
Color(silvery-white)
Uses(amalgams, Cl2, NaOH prod.)
Hardness(Nil)
Toxicity(Yes)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(none, w/ht (350C) =>HgO)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>NOx, Hg(NO3)2)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(7)
Hydride(None)
Oxide(HgO)
Chloride(Hg2Cl2 HgCl2)


Radius
Atomic Radius(151 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(133 pm)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(116 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(8.3 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(10.163 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(5.4 A3)


Abundance
Source(Cinnabar (sulfide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(-0.469 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(-1.1 log)


d79
Au
Gold
d80
Hg
Mercury
p81
Tl
Thallium

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