Lithium Element Properties

Lithium

s2
He
Helium
s3
Li
Lithium
s4
Be
Beryllium
General
Name(Lithium)
Symbol(Li)
Number(3)
Group Number(1)
Group(Alkali Metals)
Block(s)
Density(0.53 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(6.94 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(13.10 cm3/mol)
Discover(1817)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(453.69 K)
Boiling Point(1615 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(3223 K)
Heat of Fusion(3.00 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(147.1 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(520.2 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(7394.4 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(11814.6 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(0.98)
Electron Affinity(59.63 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(3.6 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(161 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,1)
Electron Configuration(1s22s1)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-1)
Maximum Oxidation Number(1)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(1)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(body centered cubic)
Characteristics( soft, lightest solid)
Color(silvery)
Uses(batteries, lubricant)
Hardness(0.6 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(vigorous, =>Li2O)
Reaction with 6M HCl(vigorous, =>H2, LiCl)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(vigorous, =>LiNO3)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(mild, =>H2, LiOH)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(2)
Hydride(LiH)
Oxide(Li2O)
Chloride(LiCl)


Radius
Atomic Radius(152 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)( 90 pm)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(84.8 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(107.8 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability( 24.3 A3)


Abundance
Source(Spodumene (silicate))
Relation Abundance Solar System(1.757 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(1.3 log)


s2
He
Helium
s3
Li
Lithium
s4
Be
Beryllium

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