Lead Element Properties

Lead

p81
Tl
Thallium
p82
Pb
Lead
p83
Bi
Bismuth
General
Name(Lead)
Symbol(Pb)
Number(82)
Group Number(14)
Group(Metal, Carbon group)
Block(p)
Density(11.34 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(207.2 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(18.17 cm3/mol)
Discover(Nil)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(600.61 K)
Boiling Point(2022 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(4.77 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(179.5 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(715.6 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1450 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3082 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(2.1)
Electron Affinity(35.1 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.13 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(196 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,32,18,4)
Electron Configuration([Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-4)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(4)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(cubic face centered)
Characteristics(soft)
Color(gray)
Uses(batteries, solder, paints)
Hardness(1.5 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht, =>PbO)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>NOx, Pb(NO3)2)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(4)
Hydride(PbH4)
Oxide(PbO Pb3O4 Pb2O3 PbO2)
Chloride(PbCl2 PbCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(146 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(133 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(35.3 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(48.431 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(6.8 A3)


Abundance
Source(Galena (sulfide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(0.498 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(1.1 log)


p81
Tl
Thallium
p82
Pb
Lead
p83
Bi
Bismuth

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