Copper Element Properties

Copper

d28
Ni
Nickel
d29
Cu
Copper
d30
Zn
Zinc
General
Name(Copper)
Symbol(Cu)
Number(29)
Group Number(11)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(8.96 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(63.546 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(7.1 cm3/mol)
Discover(None)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(1357.77 K)
Boiling Point(2835 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(13.26 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(300.4 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(745.4 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1957.9 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3553.5 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.95)
Electron Affinity(118.5 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.38 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(338 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,1)
Electron Configuration([Ar] 3d10 4s1)
Minimum Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(2)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(face centered cubic)
Characteristics(soft, ductile)
Color(orange-red)
Uses(wire, bronze, coins)
Hardness(2.75 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>CuO, Cu2O)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>Cu(NO3)2, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(2)
Hydride(CuH)
Oxide(Cu2O CuO)
Chloride(CuCl CuCl2)


Radius
Atomic Radius(128 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(91 pm)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(87 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(68 pm)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(401 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(595.8 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(6.7 A3)


Abundance
Source(Cu pyrite,chalcocite(sulfide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(2.718 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(1.7 log)


d28
Ni
Nickel
d29
Cu
Copper
d30
Zn
Zinc

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