Carbon Element Properties

Carbon

p5
B
Boron
p6
C
Carbon
p7
N
Nitrogen
General
Name(Carbon)
Symbol(C)
Number(6)
Group Number(14)
Group(Non-Metal, Carbon group)
Block(p)
Density(2.62 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(12.011 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(4.58 cm3/mol)
Discover(Nil)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(3823.2 K)
Boiling Point(Nil)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(100 kJ/mol(Graphite))
Heat of Vaporization(715 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(1086.4 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(2352.6 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(4620.4 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(2.55)
Electron Affinity(121.85 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.71 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(717 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,4)
Electron Configuration(1s2 2s2 2p2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-4)
Maximum Oxidation Number(4)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(-4)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(4)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(hexagonal)
Characteristics(6 forms: graphite, diamond, buckminsterfullerene)
Color(black)
Uses(fuel(coal), lubricant)
Hardness(0.8 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(vigorous, =>CO2)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild,w/ht=>C6(COOH)6)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(3)
Hydride(CH4 and many CxHy)
Oxide(CO CO2)
Chloride(CCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(77.2 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(1.59 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(0.727 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(1.8 A3)


Abundance
Source(Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas)
Relation Abundance Solar System(7.004 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(2.3 log)


p5
B
Boron
p6
C
Carbon
p7
N
Nitrogen

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