Cadmium Element Properties

Cadmium

d47
Ag
Silver
d48
Cd
Cadmium
p49
In
Indium
General
Name(Cadmium)
Symbol(Cd)
Number(48)
Group Number(12)
Group(Transition metals)
Block(d)
Density(8.65 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(112.41 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(13.1 cm3/mol)
Discover(1817)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(594.22 K)
Boiling Point(1040 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(6.21 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(99.87 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(867.7 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1631.4 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(3616.2 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(1.69)
Electron Affinity(Nil)
Specific Heat(0.23 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(112 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,18,2)
Electron Configuration([Kr] 4d10 5s2)
Minimum Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Oxidation Number(2)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(2)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(hexagonal)
Characteristics(soft)
Color(bluish-white)
Uses(battery,yel. pigment(CdS))
Hardness(2 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>CdO)
Reaction with 6M HCl(mild, =>H2, Cd(Cl)2)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>Cd(NO3)2, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(8)
Hydride(None)
Oxide(CdO)
Chloride(CdCl2)


Radius
Atomic Radius(151 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(109 pm)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(Nil)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(96.9 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(146.413 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(7.2 A3)


Abundance
Source(Sphalerite (sulfide))
Relation Abundance Solar System(0.207 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(-0.7 log)


d47
Ag
Silver
d48
Cd
Cadmium
p49
In
Indium

english Calculators and Converters

Ask a Question


Sitemap