Bismuth Element Properties

Bismuth

p82
Pb
Lead
p83
Bi
Bismuth
p84
Po
Polonium
General
Name(Bismuth)
Symbol(Bi)
Number(83)
Group Number(15)
Group(Metal, Nitrogen group)
Block(p)
Density(9.8 g/cm3)
Atomic Weight(208.9804 g/mol)
Atomic Volume(21.3 cm3/mol)
Discover(1600)


States
State(Solid)
Melting Point(544.7 K)
Boiling Point(1837 K)
Triple Point(Nil)
Critical Point(Nil)
Heat of Fusion(11.30 kJ/mol)
Heat of Vaporization(151 kJ/mol)


Energies
First Ionization Energy(703.3 kJ/mole)
Second Ionization Energy(1610 kJ/mole)
Third Ionization Energy(2466 kJ/mole)
Electronegativity(2.02)
Electron Affinity(91.3 kJ/mole)
Specific Heat(0.12 J/gK)
Heat Atomization(207 kJ/mole atoms)


Oxidation and Electrons
Shells(2,8,18,32,18,5)
Electron Configuration([Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3)
Minimum Oxidation Number(-3)
Maximum Oxidation Number(5)
Minimum Common Oxidation Number(0)
Maximum Common Oxidation Number(3)


Appearance and Characteristics
Crystal Structure(rhombohedral)
Characteristics(brittle)
Color(white)
Uses(antacid, fusible alloy)
Hardness(2.5 mohs)
Toxicity(None)


Reactions
Reaction with Air(mild, w/ht =>Bi2O3)
Reaction with 6M HCl(None)
Reaction with 15M HNO3(mild, =>Bi(NO3)3, NOx)
Reaction with 6M NaOH(None)


Other Forms
Number of Isotopes(1)
Hydride(BiH3)
Oxide(Bi2O3)
Chloride(BiCl3 BiCl4)


Radius
Atomic Radius(150 pm)
Ionic Radius (1+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (1- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2+ ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (2- ion)(Nil)
Ionic Radius (3+ ion)(117 pm)


Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity(7.92 J/m-sec-deg)
Electrical Conductivity(9.363 1/mohm-cm)
Polarizability(7.4 A3)


Abundance
Source(Pb smelting by-product)
Relation Abundance Solar System(-0.842 log)
Abundance Earths Crust(-0.8 log)


p82
Pb
Lead
p83
Bi
Bismuth
p84
Po
Polonium

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